Data from a scientific study published in the American “National Academy of Sciences” magazine showed that life expectancy in the United States, which rose last year, may witness the greatest decline in 2020, by more than a year, as the Coronavirus has become the third major cause of death in the Country.
The study indicated that the Covid-19 epidemic reduced the average life expectancy in the United States in 2020 by 1.13 years, with a disproportionate number of deaths among the black and Latino populations, as the data showed a clear increase in the death rate with the spread of the epidemic in Country.
“The estimated reductions in the black and Hispanic populations are three to four times that of whites,” says Teresa Andrasvay of the University of Southern California and Norine Goldman of the Office of Population Research at Princeton University.
“Black Americans and Latinos have suffered a disproportionate burden of Covid-19 disease and epidemic deaths,” the study added. Prior to the pandemic, the United States was making steady progress in terms of life expectancy although it had slowed in recent years.
Life expectancy in America has increased by nearly 10 years over the past half-century – from 69.9 years in 1959 to 78.9 years in 2016. After 2010, life expectancy in the United States has stabilized. In 2014 it began to regress and declined for three consecutive years – from 78.9 years in 2014 to 78.6 in 2017. Drug overdoses, suicides, alcohol-related diseases, and obesity were largely responsible for this.
The study reported, “Estimates indicate that black and Latino populations face a decrease in life expectancy at birth of 2.10 and 3.05 years, respectively, both of which represent several times the 0.68-year decrease in white births.” These projections indicate an increase of approximately 40% I have black people. “The life expectancy gap will increase from 3.6 years to more than 5 years,” the study added.
New data from the National Center for Health Statistics indicates that COVID-19 has caused a big jump in the death rate in the United States. As the death rate by age reached 769 deaths per 100,000 people in the first quarter of 2020 and increased to 840 deaths in the second quarter of last year. By comparison, the death rate for the second quarter of 2019 was 702, per 100,000, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.
While the report shows the death rate rose dramatically in 2020, it provides an incomplete glimpse of the epidemic as only data for the first and second quarters of last year are currently available.
Last week, statisticians at the CDC said that Covid-19 was likely the third leading cause of death in 2020. They estimated that there were between 316,252 cases and 431,792 excess deaths in the whole of 2020.
Heart disease is the number one cause of death, and cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. The death rate from drug overdoses increased after declining in the previous year, while the suicide death rate decreased for the first time since 2005.
These estimates are based on all death records checked by the National Center for Health Statistics as of November 27, 2020.